In the middle of Central Asia there is a beautiful republic named Kyrgyzstan! It is visited by many tourists from different parts of the world who always enjoy their travels. Here in the country people will see really beautiful scenery of mountains and lake, they meet locals and learn about their culture and traditions.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, west of the People's Republic of China. Less than a seventh the size of Mongolia, at 198,522 square kilometers, Kyrgyzstan is one of the smaller Central Asian states. The national territory extends about 980 kilometers from east to west and 430 kilometers from north to south.
Kyrgyzstan borders on China, on Kazakhstan, on Uzbekistan and on Tajikistan. There are three enclaves, legally part of the territory of Kyrgyzstan but geographically removed by several kilometers, have been established, two in Uzbekistan and one in Tajikistan.
The terrain of Kyrgyzstan is stretched by the Tian Shan and Pamir mountain systems, which together occupy about 65% of the national territory. The Alay range portion of the Tian Shan system dominates the southwestern part of the country, and, to the east, the main Tian Shan range runs along the boundary between southern Kyrgyzstan and China. Kyrgyzstan's average elevation makes 2,750 meters, ranging from 7,439 meters at Peak Jengish Chokusu to 402 meters in the Fergana Valley near Osh. Almost 90% of the country lies more than 1,500 meters above sea level.
Flora and Fauna
A big diversity of flora in Kyrgyzstan is determined by the altitudinal zoning. Slopes, varying by humidity, create different kinds of vegetation. On northern slopes there are steppes, meadow-steppes, meadows, bushes and forests are quite wide spread. On southern slopes, because of dry climate there are no zones of forests and alpine meadows; semi-deserts and deserts prevail at these areas.
Flora of Kyrgyzstan counts more than 3676 plants of lower species and 3786 plants of higher species. 600 types of useful wild growing flora are found in the territory of the country, among them 200 types of officinal plants can be found. Wild plants having an economic importance aretinning joinweed, saltwort, barberries, rhubarb, Leafless Echinochloa, ferulage types, Fergana spurge, golden drop, types of thyme etc. A unique natural formation in the south of Kyrgyzstan is the walnut forests. Walnut, Siverse apple tree, Sogdy alycha, standard pear, Korjinsky pear, Tian-Shan cherry, barberries, almonds, pistachio, Djungar and Turkestan hawthorn and many others are growing here and represent a valuable genetic material and medicinal properties.
In our country there count 102 types of protozoa, 10232 insects and other arthropods representing fauna of Kyrgyzstan. There are more than 1.4 thousand sorts of other invertebrates, 75 fish species, 4 amphibious, 33 reptiles, 368 birds and 83 mammals.
At an altitude of 3400-3800m grey marmots, silvery and narrow-skull field vole can be found. The Brown bear can be found in the alpine meadows in the summer time. A lot of wild rams, marmots, hares, and mountain goats are focused in the Alpine meadows as well. Wolfs can be also be encountered. There many types of birds: mountain goose, rock pigeon, partridge, Alpine jackdaw, and big desert bullfinch. Mountain goats can be found at the height of approximately 4500-m, along with beasts of prey - snow leopard.
The rarest species of creatures such as wild ram, aurochs, wild mountain goat, roe, red deer, bear, deer, lynx, and snow leopard are described into the Red Book.
People of Kyrgyzstan.
The people in Kyrgyzstan are very welcoming and welcoming which is the main distinguishing feature of the nation. The locals say that the guest brings blessing to your home. That is the reason why they are so welcoming to strangers. Sometimes you can find them curious because they will ask you the questions like «Do you like travelling?», «How many have countries you visited?" as well as "Do you have children?" If you happen to be anywhere in a distant small village or summer pasture, then the hosts will always be happy to suggest you food and tea. Kyrgyz people follow most of their ancient traditions and customs passing it to their descendants.
People worship mountains and worship its spirits. During your trips in Kyrgyzstan you are going to enjoy our the beautiful nature, which has retained its pristine beauty.
The city of Bishkek with more than 5 million people is a capital city. It received a status of city in 1878 and for its wide boulevards and attractive green parks it received a title of "the greenest city in Central Asia".
The Kyrgyz Republic withdrew from the USSR in 1991 on August 31, and has develop an independent state. This day is an official holiday and celebrated annually.